What is the Process for Dry Cleaning and How Does it Work?

You’ve likely visited the dry cleaner on more occasions than you can remember, but have you ever actually given thought to what goes on there? You might be surprised to learn that dry cleaning is not a ‘dry’ cleaning process at all. In fact, the process uses a chemical solvent, other than water, to clean fabrics too delicate to withstand a traditional washing machine or that contain certain materials which degrade in water. Here is a more in-depth look at how dry cleaning works, courtesy of Lux Dry Cleaning and Alterations: the fast, reliable, and eco-friendly dry cleaner that provides organic dry cleaning in Queens County and throughout New York City.

Dry cleaning machines are essentially a combination of the washing machine and clothes dryer found in your home. Garments are placed in the washing chamber – a horizontal, perforated drum that rotates inside an outer shell – with the shell holding the chemical solvent. Garment loads typically can range from 20 to 90 lbs.

Wash Cycle
The washing chamber is filled approximately one-third full of solvent, and its temperature is set to 86 degrees Fahrenheit as the drum begins to rotate, agitating the garments. Throughout the duration of the wash, the chemical solvent is passed through a filter and sent back to the chamber. The solvent is also removed and distilled with a boiler and condenser. Typically, the wash cycle lasts for 8 to 15 minutes, depending on the degree of soiling and garment type.

Rinse Cycle
Once the wash cycle is complete, the garment load is rinsed with the freshly distilled solvent to prevent discoloration caused by soil particles being absorbed back into the garments.

Drying Cycle
The garment load is tumbled in a stream of air that is 140 to 145 degrees Fahrenheit. Once complete, a deodorizing cycle removes any remaining solvent traces from the garment load by circulating cool air over the garments. When complete, the garments are ready to be pressed and finished.

You can count on Lux Dry Cleaning and Alterations for 24-7 dry cleaning in Queens County and throughout New York City. To place an order or for more information, please contact us: 718-459-7770.

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